It’s easy to see why the usted v tú is commonly confused by Spanish students.
Both pronouns in Spanish mean “you”, whereas in English, we use “you” as a one-size-fits all, regardless of how you are speaking to.
The easiest way to remember the differences between both words is that usted is formal while tú is informal.
If you remember this rule, then you’ll avoid confusing the two words, 90% of the time.
We should mention that while remembering this rule will help you, the use usted v tú as formal vs informalis more common in some Spanish speaking countries than others.
Generally, you don’t need to worry about disrespecting somebody by using the wrong pronoun, especially as Spanish student, since locals will understand that you aren’t speaking your native language.
Now with that little introduction out of the way, let’s look at the differences between how usted v tú is conjugated with the most commonly used Spanish verbs.
Conjugating Tú vs Usted
Let’s review how to conjugate some basic verbs.
|Ser / To be||es||eres|
|Estar / To be||está||estás|
|Tener / To have||tiene||tienes|
|Ir / To go||va||vas|
|Querer / To want||quiere||quieres|
Now, let’s review how usted v tú is used with reflexive pronouns and direct object pronouns.